Income deprivation and economic strain

an analysis of the European Community household panel

Publisher: Institute for Social and Economic Research in Colchester

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 529
Share This

Edition Notes

StatementRichard Layte ... [et al.].
SeriesEPAG working paper -- 5
ContributionsLayte, Richard., European Panel Analysis Group., Institute for Social and Economic Research.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18294237M

  Objective: To test whether the relation between income inequality and mortality found in US states is because of different levels of formal education. Design: Cross sectional, multiple regression analysis. Setting: All US states and the District of Columbia (n=51). Data sources: US census statistics and vital statistics for the years and   Financial Strain. Income and wealth may not necessarily convert into adequate financial resources. Difficulties in matching fiscal resources (e.g., income) to expenses and demands lead to financial strain, which can then erode self-esteem and personal control over life activities, restrict access to health promoting resources (e.g., fresh food, medication, health services), and contribute to.   Third, public policy needs to recognize that low-income black fathers are experiencing intergenerational economic instability and deprivation, and often need some sort of economic . Financial strain was classified using a single question which asked people how they felt about their household income with possible responses being 1 “Living comfortably on present income”, 2 “coping on present income”, 3 “finding it difficult on present income” and 4 “finding it very difficult on present income.” Socio-economic.

recession entered the books as the worst one since the Great Depression of the s. economic deprivation, and economic strain. 6 dependent on one‘s own perception of needs and wants in relation to one‘s income, clearly reveal a strong income gradient (with strain and vulnerability being more.   Countries in recession experience high unemployment rates and a decline in living conditions, which, it has been suggested, negatively influences their populations’ health. The present review examines the recent evidence of the possible association between economic recessions and mental health outcomes. Literature review of records identified through Medline, PsycINFO, SciELO, . According to Emmanuel Saez, an economist at the University of California, Berkeley, the U.S. economic recovery since has mostly benefited the rich. From to , he wrote in a report, the average income of the top 1 percent of Americans grew by percent, while for the bottom 99 percent income grew by only percent. Deprivation may be defined in many different ways but for the purposes of this paper it refers to adverse economic circumstances in a child's family and/or local area. Identifying pupils who experience deprivation is not a straightforward task. The main measures used.

Blau and Blau’s Anomie Relative Deprivation theory is another way we can understand what causes crime, as it relates to our two neighborhoods. This theory stems from a consensus social order which states that most individuals agree about basic norms and values (Exam 2, S 7). It also assumes that. Analyze the similarities and differences in the various social movement theories - deprivation, mass-society, structural-strain, resource-mobilization, political process and culture; Measuring Poverty. Poverty is defined by deprivation, and can be measured with economic or social indicators. In contrast, Ringen () defines deprivation poverty "in relation to how [people] in fact live" and "as a standard of consumption which is below what is generally considered to be decent minimum" (p. ). Similarly, Sen () noted that poverty might be identified through either income or direct approaches, where direct measures describe the extent to which people meet. This statistic displays the rates of severe material deprivation rates in Germany from to covers indicators relating to economic strain, durables, housing deprivation and.

Income deprivation and economic strain Download PDF EPUB FB2

Income, Deprivation, and Economic Strain An Analysis of the European Community Household Panel ChristopherT. Whelan, Richard Layte, Bertrand Maitre, andBrian Nolan This paper is concerned with the relationship between household income and life-style deprivation, and their combined impact on households' perceptions of economic strain.

Income, Deprivation, and Economic Strain. An Analysis of the European Community Household Panel. 2 Income, Deprivation and Economic Strain in the Enlarged European Union 1.

Introduction In this paper we seek to Income deprivation and economic strain book on earlier work by Whelan et al () that took as its starting point a range of work directing attention to the relatively weak.

f deprivation on economic strain, were affected by selection bias relating to the large number alysis can be found in ewilde (), Moisio (20 04) Whelan and Maître ( a & b)). Extending this analysis to an assessment of how income and deprivation combine to influence perceptions of economic strain, we show that within‐nation reference group processes operating in a uniform manner across countries can account for the bulk of the variation in by: The current analysis, rather than supporting the alternative of a focus on absolute income or an EU wide poverty line, suggests that we should take the argument for adopting a multidimensional approach to the measurement of poverty more ve income, deprivation, economic strain.

Richard Layte & Bertrand Maître & Brian Nolan & Christopher T. Whelan, "Income, Deprivation and Economic Strain: An Analysis of the European Community Household Panel," Papers WP, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI). Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp Whelan C. T., Layte R., Maître B., Nolan B.

(), Income, deprivation and economic strain. European Sociological Review 17(4)– CrossRef Google Scholar Whelan C. T., Maître B. (a) Vulnerability and multiple deprivation perspectives on economic exclusion in Europe: A. Growing inequalities may have deep-seated social impacts, and investigating these empirically is a core element of the research reported in this book.

This chapter discusses some general conceptual and methodological issues that must be faced in seeking to identify such impacts, and then concentrates on the findings relating to social cohesion in the areas of poverty and deprivation, crime.

"Income, deprivation and economic stress in the enlarged European Union," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 83(2), pagesSeptember. ‘Economic Stress’ • Stress: difficulty ‘making ends meet’, coping, arrears • Average income and income inequality have no direct influence, material deprivation key predictor • Impact of deprivation higher in countries with higher levels of income • continuing importance of national reference groups in EU.

Income, Deprivation and Economic Strain: An Analysis of the European Community Household Panel", European Sociological Review, Vol.

17, No 4. Indices of material deprivation are of increasing interest in Britain and the EU as potential markers of poverty, as an alternative, or complement, to measures of low income. This is the first panel regression analysis of the relationship between households' incomes and deprivation scores over time.

The role of income, life‐style deprivation and financial strain in mediating the impact of unemployment on psychological distress: Evidence from the Republic of Ireland evidence suggests that income affects psychological well‐being indirectly via subjectively appraised financial strain.

economic deprivation and suicide, Scandinavian. Available evidence suggests that income affects psychological well‐being indirectly via subjectively appraised financial strain.

This paper presents an analysis of the relationships between measures of household income and resources, subjectively appraised financial strain and psychological distress drawing on a nationally representative. Both economic strain and perceived material deprivation may adversely affect health.

Abstract The relationship between health and income is well established, but the link between subjective financial well-being and self-reported health has been relatively ignored.

Jannick Demanet, Mieke Van Houtte, Socioeconomic status, economic deprivation, and school misconduct: an inquiry into the role of academic self-efficacy in four European cities, Social Psychology of Education, /sx, ().

Income, Deprivation and Economic Stress in the Enlarged European Union Whelan, Christopher T.; Maitre, Bertrand Social Indicators Research, v83 n2 p Sep The severe economic recession that began in December has renewed interest in the relationship between economic stress and domestic violence (DV).

Although analyses of current financial statistics in relation to reported DV incidents have yet to be completed, a sizable body of research that examines various economic indicators provides a.

current Member States of the EU. It focuses on the topic of low income and standard of living deprivation, presenting a unique analysis of the views and experiences of the citizens of the new Europe.

It covers aspects such as economic strain, income and lifestyle deprivation, multiple disadvantage and feelings of social exclusion.

The analysis. Resources, frequently measured by family income, often define economic status. Threats to family income such as job loss, divorce, retirement, or disability can contribute to economic stress, which may be more specifically defined as the hardship, pressure, tension, or strain experience as a result of changes in an individual’s or family’s.

generalised deprivation, economic strain, psychological distress and exposure to persistent income poverty. I INTRODUCTION The most widely used approach to measuring poverty in industrialised countries relies entirely on income, often comparing household income as reported in large-scale surveys with a threshold derived as some proportion of.

While persistent poverty and multiple deprivation combine to produce extremely high levels of economic strain, there is no evidence that they interact in a significant fashion. We argue that understanding deprivation is not facilitated by focusing on a cleavage between a multiply deprived minority and a comfortable majority, and we consider the.

Income, deprivation and economic strain: an analysis of the European Community Household Panel. Files in This Item: File Description Size Format ; nolanb_workpap_pdf: kB: Adobe PDF: Download: Title: Income, deprivation and economic strain: an analysis of the European Community Household Panel.

Economic deprivation, in her model, reflected families' income-to-needs ratio or poverty sta- tus. In contrast, employment uncertainty and economic strain are subjective indicators of an individual's perceived employment and financial situation.

Description. The material deprivation rate – Economic strain and durables dimension, refers to persons who are materially deprived, based on their inability to afford to pay: No items - 1 item - 2 items - Fewer than 3 items - 3 items - 3 items or more - Fewer than 4 items - 4 items - 4 items or more - Fewer than 5 items - 5 items - 5 items or more - 6 items - 7 items - 8 items - 9 items from.

This shows that both recurrent income poverty and recurrent material deprivation remained broadly stable in the five-year periods between the early s and the mids, although recurrent financial strain declined marginally (from 18 per cent to 15 per cent) over the year period.

The level of material deprivation. Résumé (eng) Income poverty lines may fail to distinguish households experiencing depriva tion/exclusion Analysing large sample of Irish households we find that current income is an important influence on deprivation levels but so are many other aspects of current situation and how it arrived there It is also impor tant to distinguish different dimensions in using deprivation indicators with.

Economic deprivation also reduces social trust and facilitates social disorganization, which in turn leads to youth violence and crime. These include strain theories, relative deprivation theory, and social disorganization theory. as Messner () does, to use a more stringent measure of poverty (per cent low income, defined as the.

Meanwhile, due to the widened economic inequality caused by rapid social changes in contemporary China, economic strain predicts delinquency in poor Chinese adolescents who have a strong sense of relative deprivation (Bao & Haas, ).

Therefore, in this study, we assume that economic strain contributes to increased antisocial behaviors and. Dimensions. The separate datasets provide each indicator along with the Geopolitical entity and time dimensions and the dimensions presented below.

All indicators presented, relevant to the subject are of economic strain are disseminated broken down by household type and income group (total, below 60 % of equivalised income, above 60 % of equivalised income), except for the indicator on.

This is one of the most influential definitions of poverty and has directly influenced the definition set by the EU Council of ministers in [11, 12] and the indicators set by the EU Member States and the European Commission to monitor the development in poverty [11, 13].The items constituting these indicators can be grouped into three areas, i.e., self-reported economic strain; .Economic Vulnerability, Multidimensional Deprivation and Social Cohesion in an Enlarged European Community Christopher T.

Whelan and Bertrand Maître International Journal of Comparative Sociology 3,